Gariya, Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Ramesh, age 32, suffers from joint pain and swelling of the joint in his left knee.
The health problems in the village started 20 years ago. Before that everyone was fine. It has just been getting worse for the last 10 years. Everyone reports having chest pain, chronic stomach pains, a lot of back pain, joint pains, pains in their knees. A 2012 report by the Center for Science and Environment based in New Delhi sampled water, soil, cereals in the areas and villages around the reservoir. Most of the drinking water was found not suitable for drinking. A few of the towns that have water supplied by the companies or government are good. The results of the water, soil and fish sample testing indicate pollution due to mercury, arsenic, and fluoride. According to the UP government, of Sonbhadra's 600 villages, 250 have excessive fluoride in the ground water. 150 of these have levels much above what's permissible.